The dietary rules for diabetics have changed in recent years. Instead of a set of guidelines for everyone, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) encourages people to work with a nutritionist to develop a personal plan that they will continue to develop and that solves their own health concerns and goals.
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1. Discuss food preferences. Ask the person what they want, dislike, what they are willing to try.
Calculate Page 2 of the total caloric intake to maintain a healthy weight. Obesity is still unhealthy for a diabetic patient because it increases the body’s need for insulin, and excess food adds extra glucose.
Discuss 3 a weight reduction plan with both a nutritionist and the diabetic if he or she is overweight.
4. Discover methods of cooking that reduce fat intake. Stir-fry, fry, broil or roast meat and vegetables. Avoid frying (other than stir-frying) and especially frying.
5. Keep the fat under 30 percent of the total meal. Keep saturated fats no more than 10 percent of total fat intake. Excess fat is unhealthy for everyone, and people with diabetes are twice as likely to suffer from cardiovascular disease.
6. Reduce fat to no more than 20 percent if the diabetic person needs to lose weight or has high cholesterol.
7.Prepare food using the calculated amounts of protein and carbohydrates per recommendation of a dietitian.
8.Use a wide variety of food. In this way, meals are interesting and ensure better nutrition. When trying new foods, the diabetic should check his or her blood sugar and see how the new foods or new combination of foods affect the glucose level.
9. Avoid or use sugar sparingly. Sugar is no longer allowed as research shows that table sugar affects glucose about the same as complex carbohydrates. But sugar delivers empty calories and too much can cause weight gain and steer blood sugar to cause towering. Save sugary foods for special occasions.
10. Adjust carbohydrate levels at the next meal if the diabetic is above what he or she must have eaten the meal earlier. For example, if the diabetic had a full “dose” of carbohydrates at lunch, plus a piece of birthday cake, he or she needs to cut down on dinner.
11. Care with recipes for wine or liqueurs. Alcoholic beverages can exacerbate diabetes because they deliver concentrated calories that can cause weight gain and hypoglycemia. The ADA proposes a drink per day for women and two for men, and only if the blood sugar level is well controlled.
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