Enlarged Breast Gynecomastia – Overview
Gynecomastia is a benign enlargement of the breast in men
You usually have no symptoms beyond the magnification
Gynecomastia should only be treated for cosmetic reasons or suspected of cancer
What is Gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia is an enlargement of one or both breasts of a man. The condition is due to growth in the glandular tissue of the breast.
How Frequent is Gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia is seen transiently in 70% of all boys in puberty
In adults it occurs less frequently than in 1%
Gynecomastia is apparently very frequent among overweight men
Why do you get Gynecomastia?
It is a harmless and transient condition in boys in puberty and is due to hormone changes, In adults, the condition is usually benign, but it can also be due to a disease. First of all, one must exclude cancer in the testicular and breast cancer in men. The latter is, however, very rare Other causes may be side effects of medicines, drug and alcohol abuse
What are the Symptoms of Gynecomastia?
Increased breast growth. There are no special symptoms. Breast stress may be associated with hormone treatment for other diseases.
What symptoms should you pay particular attention to?
Hard knots in the chest can be a sign of cancer.
How is the Diagnosis?
The aim of the study is to rule out other diseases. The medical history and examination of the patient is important. Particular emphasis is placed on controlling the testicles and looking for signs of liver disease.
In a few cases blood tests may be useful.
What Treatment is there?
Gynecomastia is hardly ever a disease and therefore must not be treated. The most important thing is to soothe people with Gynecomastia and explain that it is an innocent condition.
If you have physical or cosmetic symptoms or cancer is suspected surgery may be necessary.
How are long-term Prospects?
Gynecomastia associated with puberty usually returns.
How do I avoid getting or aggravating gynecomastia? There is nothing you can do.